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Guar Seed

Guar or cluster bean is believed to have originated in Africa but isbeen grown throughout southern Asia since ancient times as avegetable and fodder crop. Guar has been cultivated in India andPakistan for ages for use of its tender pods as fresh vegetables andother parts of the plants to be used as cattle feed. The plant isextremely drought‐resistant, being able to absorb efficiently all ground water. It grows therefore easily in those semi‐arid regionswhere less hardy crops perish. The major world supplier of guarseed are India, Pakistan and United States.

India is the world leader in production (80% of world production) ofguar, which is grown in the northwestern parts of countryencompassing states of Rajasthan (Jodhpur, Ganganagar, Sirohi,Dausa, Bikaner, Hanumangarh and Jhunjhunu districts), Gujarat andHaryana and Punjab. Rajasthan is the largest growing state of Guarseed in the country accounting about 70 percent of total productionand remaining is in Gujarat and Haryana. Guar seed in India ismonsoon depended crop cultivated under rainfed. In some parts ofcountry like Ganganagar in Rajasthan, Haryana guar seed incultivated under irrigation. Sowing of Guar seed starts inIndia in July and rainfall of 6‐9 inch during this period is very vitalfor the crop. In Pakistan, before 90s, about 80% of the guar wasgrown under irrigated conditions therefore per hectare yields werehigher. The major markets for Guar seed are Jodhpur, Bikaner,Ganganagar, Jaipur, Alwar etc.

In India, the sowing season for guar seed is end of July and it is harvested during November. It is usually 90 days crop.Guar is a rain fed monsoon crop, which requires 8‐15 inch of rain in3‐4 spell. For effective guar cultivation, the crop needs two rainfallsbefore sowing, one rainfall when the crop buds out and anotherwhen the crop comes up well and blossoming starts. Then it requires plenty of sunshine and dry weather to come up really well. During harvesting period it again needs good sunshine in order to dry upand become usable for industries.

Application of Guar Gum:

  • Food products (Bakery, Beverages, Meat, Dressing & Sauces)
  • Pharmaceuticals & Cosmetics
  • As glut in textile industry
  • In the explosive industry guar is mixed in Ammonium Nitrate, Nitroglycerine and Oil explosives, where it helps maintain the explosive properties of the product even in wet conditions.
  • In the paper industry Guar is used as an additive where it gives denser surface to the paper used in printing

USA accounts for more than 60% of total guar gum import from India followed by China, Germany and Russia. India has exported about 1.77 lakh MTs during Apr-July of year 2017-18 started which is higher by 69% Y/Y for corresponding period of last year.Further, expanding size of guar processing industry in China is likely to keep export supply higher from India. China has the largest technically recoverable shale gas resources in the world. The country aims to increase its shale gas production from the current level of 1.3 billion cubic meters to 30 billion cubic meters by year 2020. This is likely to have a positive impact on the demand for guar products from India in the next few years.Total guar supply for year 2017-18 is likely to be decline than that of last year owing to substantial fall in production, which was result of fall in total acreage amid lower yield.

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