Isabgul a native of Persia, is now grown commercially in the western part of India. Presently, India is the largest producer as well as exporter of Isabgul and Psyllium husk in the world. The main producing states are Gujarat, Rajasthan, MP & Harayana. Among these states Gujarat is the main hub for the production as well as processing. Gujarat and Rajasthan are reported to have an area of around 60,000 hectares under its cultivation. Mehsana, Patan and Banaskantha districts of north Gujarat are major producing location. The climatic conditions of the Gujarat & Rajasthan are most suitable for the Isabgul cultivation; and both the states contribute almost equally in terms of production, but regarding further processing and manufacturing of husk, Gujarat is the leading state. Major markets of Isabgul are in Unjha, Mehsana and Patan in state of Gujrat.
Isabgul is an irrigated Rabi crop which remains in the field for about 4 months. Its cultivation period is October‐November. The plant bears the flowering spikes in about 60 days after sowing and matures in the next 2 months. That means blooming begins two months after sowing and the crop become ready for harvest in February‐March. The harvested material is stacked for 1 or 2 days, made to be trampled by bullocks, winnowed and separated seed is collected. Peak marketing season of Isabgul‐husk is March – June.
Isabgul is an important medicinal crop of India. It is a stemless herb. The husk is the rosy-white membranous covering of the seed, which constitutes the drug, mainly given as a safe laxative, particularly beneficial in habitual constipation, chronic diarrhea and dysentery. It is a 100% natural product. It is a soluble fiber (is viscous and forms gel in water). The soluble fiber comes from the dried husk of the psyllium seed. That is, psyllium husk is the cleaned dried outer coating of the Psyllium Seed.
Isabgul Seed Contract Specification